Minnesota taconite mine study confirms link to mesothelioma

17 Apr 2013 by Wendi Lewis under News, Research/Treatment

minnesota iron range 100x100 Minnesota taconite mine study confirms link to mesotheliomaThe results of a five-year, $4.9-million study into the link between mining in Minnesota’s and provided a mixed bag of results. Scientists confirmed a definite link between the industry and an increased risk of , a deadly that has previously been associated exclusively with asbestos exposure. But the study does not adequately answer the question of “why” or “how.”

A public meeting was held in Mountain Iron, Minn., April 13, to provide concerned workers and residents to the nearby mines with preliminary results from the most comprehensive study of workers’ health to date. The study was commissioned in 2008 by the Minnesota Legislature after research provided evidence of much higher than normal incidents of among mine workers. The Workers Health Study was directed by the School of Public Health, in partnership with the Medical School and the Natural Resources Research Institute at the Duluth.

Going into the study, researchers knew the rate of was three times higher than that of the general population of Minnesota. According to a report by the Duluth News Tribune, researchers confirmed that for every year a worker spent in the industry, his or her risk of increased by 3 percent. Research also indicates workers have a higher-than-expected risk of all types of , as well as heart disease.

However, researchers were puzzled by the lack of traditional asbestos-sized mineral fibers present in samples. Instead, they found fibers they call “elongated mineral particles,” or EMPs. But, they say they can’t be sure that EMPs cause and therefore are not certain that the dust from mining causes .

The study does seem to indicate that spouses and family members of workers, as well as residents in close proximity to mines, are not in any significant danger. Researchers say air quality around the mines is good, and they feel any secondary exposure to dust would be within safe limits.

It was a disappointing report for many in attendance, who told the Duluth News Tribune they felt “the ‘buts’ and ‘howevers’ sprinkled through the researchers’ presentation” left the door open for doubt, and left as many questions unanswered as resolved. Many miners in attendance said they already have lung disease and abnormalities in their lungs, and they fear the long latency period of – which can be as much as 30 years – leaves them a ticking time bomb that the study just can’t see yet.

Researchers say this initial report is only the “beginning of the end” of the study, and more data will be forthcoming.

“This is a landmark study for Minnesota and the ,” said John Finnegan, Ph.D., dean of the School of Public Health. “Our goal was to begin to answer questions around how mining and processing have impacted the health of Minnesotans. These studies have started to uncover those answers.”

Sources:

Duluth News Tribune
University of Minnesota

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