Asbestosis a serious complication from asbestos exposure

27 Apr 2018 by under News

800px Bauer Elementary ASBESTOS 2 100x100 Asbestosis a serious complication from asbestos exposure

Asbestosis is a serious, progressive, chronic lung disease caused by the scarring of lung tissue due to asbestos exposure. Most people become exposed to asbestos in work environments that are contaminated with asbestos, a fibrous mineral that has been linked to other serious diseases including and other cancers.

Asbestosis symptoms include shortness of breath, tightness in the chest, persistent dry cough, chest pain, loss of appetite, finger clubbing (enlarged fingertips), and nail deformities. When patients report symptoms like these to their doctors, they should tell their doctor whether they have been exposed to asbestos either in the workplace or by being in close contact with someone who works in an asbestos-contaminated environment.

diagnosis is made through imaging scans like X-rays, CTs, MRIs or PET scans, which look for honeycomb patterns in the lungs that suggest scarring. This scarring can make it difficult for the lungs to expand and contract, causing difficulty breathing. Diagnosis may be confirmed through a biopsy.

Asbestosis is an incurable disease. Treatments are designed to relieve symptoms and include prescription inhalers to loosen congestion or supplemental oxygen to help with breathing. Some patients may be candidates for a lung transplant.

Asbestosis can lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pleural effusion (a buildup of fluid around the lungs), as well as mesothelioma, a rare and deadly type of cancer that affects the lining of the lungs. Those who do not develop complications can survive for decades with the disease.

Sources:
American Cancer Society
American Lung Association
Healthline

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